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ISCSI

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We have an Infortrend A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200 in Amsterdam. It has 4 Gigabit Ethernet ports. One of them is connected to the KNAMS switch, the other one is connected directly to sage's eth1.

Setup

  • Install open-iscsi admin tools
  • iscsiadm -m discovery --type=sendtargets --portal=145.97.39.176
[39f9a6] 145.97.39.176:3260,1 iqn.2002-10.com.infortrend:raid.sn7295750.0A
[51bce0] 192.168.1.2:3260,1 iqn.2002-10.com.infortrend:raid.sn7295750.10
[39f9d5] 145.97.39.176:3260,1 iqn.2002-10.com.infortrend:raid.sn7295750.00
  • The numbers in the brackets are so called record ids. They are the input to the next command.
  • iscsiadm -m node --record=39f9d5 --login
  • Ther kernel messages will show something like the following for all available LUNs:
Vendor: IFT       Model: A16E-G2130-4      Rev: 349A
Type:   Direct-Access                      ANSI SCSI revision: 04
SCSI device sdc: 2072608768 512-byte hdwr sectors (1061176 MB)
sdp: Write Protect is off
SCSI device sdc: drive cache: write back
SCSI device sdc: 2072608768 512-byte hdwr sectors (1061176 MB)
sdc: Write Protect is off
SCSI device sdc: drive cache: write back
sdc: unknown partition table
sd 4:0:0:6: Attached scsi disk sdc
sd 4:0:0:6: Attached scsi generic sg15 type 0
  • Now you have lots of iSCSI disks, that you can use in a LVM volume. Note: You have to use vgscan to make the disks visible for LVM.
  • If there's already a volume group on the disk, vgscan will report its name:
 Reading all physical volumes.  This may take a while...
 Found volume group "iscsivg" using metadata type lvm2
  • You can activate the disk using vgchange -a y iscsivg

Authentification

  • The iscsi disk and the client do a CHAP authentification handshake. Usernames and passwords are in /etc/iscsid.conf.

Take care!

  • Don't call iscsiadm -m node --record=39f9d5 --login twice - otherwise you'll see all disks twice!
  • Make sure that all iscsi filesystems are unmounted before iscsi is shut down during reboot. Otherwise your filesystem might be corrupted.

Setup of the array

  • The array offers an SSH based admin interface. SSH to the box and use the apcpass for login.
  • For some reason that I don*t understand, I have to set Putty to Window->Translation->Character Set 'CP437'. Otherwise, the admin interface ignores most of my keystrokes.

Main Menu

Tue Feb  6 22:03:25 2007     A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200     Cache Status: Clean

                                   BAT: ++++
┌──────────── < Main Menu > ─────────────┐
│ Quick installation                     │
│ view and edit Logical drives           │
│ view and edit logical Volumes          │
│ view and edit Host luns                │
│ view and edit Drives                   │
│ view and edit channelS                 │
│ view and edit Configuration parameters │
│ view and edit Peripheral devices       │
│ system Functions                       │
│ view system Information                │
│ view and edit Event logs               │
└────────────────────────────────────────┘



Arrow Keys:Move Cursor   Enter:Select   Esc:Exit   Ctrl+L:Refresh Screen

Partitioning

The array has one logical drive configured. It's a RAID 6 spanning all 16 drives. That's about 10TB in total. Since Linux has problems with disks larger than 1.6TB, the logical drive is partitioned into 7 partitions.

  • Go to View and edit Logical drives
Tue Feb  6 22:07:16 2007     A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200     Cache Status: Clean

                                   BAT: ++++
╔════╤════════╤══╤═════╤════════╤══════════╤═╤═╤═╤═╤═══╤═══╤═══╤═══════════════╗
║ LG │   ID   │LV│ RAID│Size(MB)│  Status 1│2│3│O│C│#LN│#SB│#FL│     NAME      ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 0  │5DADE8F3│NA│RAID6│10012016│GOOD      │ │ │7│B│ 16│  0│  0│raid6          ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 1  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 2  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 3  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 4  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 5  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 6  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 7  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╚════╧════════╧══╧═════╧════════╧══════════╧═╧═╧═╧═╧═══╧═══╧═══╧═══════════════╝

Arrow Keys:Move Cursor   Enter:Select   Esc:Exit   Ctrl+L:Refresh Screen
  • Select the first logical drive. A context menu appears
Tue Feb  6 22:09:06 2007     A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200     Cache Status: Clean

                                    BAT: ++++
╔══╔════════════════════════════════╗══════╤═╤═╤═╤═╤═══╤═══╤═══╤═══════════════╗
║ L║ vieW drives                    ║  us 1│2│3│O│C│#LN│#SB│#FL│     NAME      ║
╟──║ Partition logical drive        ║  ────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 0║ logical drive Name             ║      │ │ │7│B│ 16│  0│  0│raid6          ║
╟──║ mIgrate logical drive          ║  ────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 1║ add driVes                     ║      │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟──║ reGenerate parity              ║  ────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 2║ cOpy and replace drive         ║      │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟──║ Media scan                     ║  ────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 3║ write policY                   ║      │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟──╚════════════════════════════════╝  ────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 4                                        │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 5  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 6  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╟────┼────────┼──┼─────┼────────┼──────────┼─┼─┼─┼─┼───┼───┼───┼───────────────╢
║ 7  │        │  │     │        │          │ │ │ │ │   │   │   │               ║
╚════╧════════╧══╧═════╧════════╧══════════╧═╧═╧═╧═╧═══╧═══╧═══╧═══════════════╝

Arrow Keys:Move Cursor   Enter:Select   Esc:Exit   Ctrl+L:Refresh Screen
  • Select Partition logical drive to see the partitions.

LUN Mapping

The array has 4 different Gigabit Ehternet iSCSI interfaces. LUNs (in our case partitions) must be made visible before they can be used. If a host is connected to channel 0, the LUNs must be made visible on channel 0.

  • In the main menu, select view and edit Host luns and select CHL 0 ID 0. You'll see all available mappings:
Tue Feb  6 22:16:06 2007     A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200     Cache Status: Clean 

                                    BAT: ++++
 ┌──────────╔═══╤═════╤═══╤═════════╤══════════╤═════╗
 │ Quick ins║LUN│LV/LD│DRV│Partition│ Size(MB) │ RAID║
 │ view and ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
 │ view and ║  0│   LD│  0│        0│   1600000│RAID6║
 │ view and ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
 │ v╔═══════║  1│   LD│  0│        1│   1600000│RAID6║
 │ v║ CHL 0 ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
 │ v║ CHL 1 ║  2│   LD│  0│        2│   1600000│RAID6║
 │ v║ CHL 2 ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
 │ s║ CHL 3 ║  3│   LD│  0│        3│   1600000│RAID6║
 │ v║ Edit i╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
 │ v╚═══════║  4│   LD│  0│        4│   1600000│RAID6║
 └────      ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
            ║  5│   LD│  0│        5│   1000000│RAID6║
            ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
            ║  6│   LD│  0│        6│   1012016│RAID6║
            ╟───┼─────┼───┼─────────┼──────────┼─────╢
            ║  7│     │   │         │          │     ║
            ╚═══╧═════╧═══╧═════════╧══════════╧═════╝

Arrow Keys:Move Cursor   Enter:Select   Esc:Exit   Ctrl+L:Refresh Screen
  • If you choose Edit iSCSI Initiator List, you can add hosts that are allowed to access the array.
Tue Feb  6 22:18:48 2007     A16E-G2130-4 - ES-6200     Cache Status: Clean

                                    BAT: ++++
 ┌──────────── < Main Menu > ─────────────┐
 │ Quick installation                     │
 │ view and edit Logical drives           │
 │ view and edit logical Volumes          │
 │ view╔═════════════════╗                │
 │ v╔══║ Host Alias Name ║  ════╗         │
 │ v║ C╟─────────────────╢      ║         │
 │ v║ C║ragweed          ║      ║  meters │
 │ v║ C╚══╔════════════════════════════════════════════════════╗
 │ s║ CHL ║ Host Alias Name - ragweed                          ║
 │ v║ Edit║ Host IQN        - iqn.2007-02.org.wikimedia.knams. ║
 │ v╚═════║ User Name       - topsecret                        ║
 └────    ║ User Password   - *********                        ║
          ║ Target Name     - topsecret                        ║
          ║ Target Password - *********                        ║
          ║ IP Address      - 145.97.39.139                    ║
          ║ NetMask         - 255.255.255.0                    ║
          ╚════════════════════════════════════════════════════╝


Arrow Keys:Move Cursor   Enter:Select   Esc:Exit   Ctrl+L:Refresh Screen