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Revision as of 13:25, 30 March 2022 by imported>Jelto (add script to update all Runners)
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WMF GitLab is installed via Debian package named gitlab-ce. This is called an Omnibus setup. So to upgrade GitLab, this package is upgraded to a newer version. The upgrade process is described here. For more detail, please see the GitLab upgrade documentation here and the Omnibus specific upgrade documentation here.

WMF upgrade path

The upgrade of GitLab should be applied in the following order:

  1. upgrade gitlab-prod-1001 machine in WMCS/horizon, project devtools
  2. upgrade GitLab replica (currently gitlab2001, please check)
  3. upgrade production GitLab (currently gitlab1001, please check)

Recommended upgrade cadence:

  • security patches: as soon as possible
  • minor upgrades (issued monthly): as needed for upstream features and bugfixes, if possible also monthly
  • major upgrades (issued annually): once per year, after release has had time to be tested by early adopters and receive fixes

Upgrade GitLab Debian package

  • Update modules/aptrepo/files/updates in operations/puppet/ similar to 774905. Set hook commands --eq to desired version
  • Get +1 for aptrepo change and merge
  • run puppet on apt1001
  • Run reprepro --component thirdparty/gitlab checkupdate buster-wikimedia on apt1001 to check if new version is found
  • Run reprepro --component thirdparty/gitlab update buster-wikimedia on apt1001 to update package
  • repeat for thirdparty/gitlab-runner if needed
  • read Reprepro#Updating external repositories for more information


  • Make yourself familiar with GitLab release and maintenance policy
  • Select exact GitLab version to upgrade to and find if it's a major, minor or patch upgrade
  • Read release notes of all versions between current and selected one
  • Determine the proper upgrade path. Make sure an upgrade from the current to the new version is possible. Never upgrade over two major versions in a single step, that will (with great probability) lead to a broken installation
  • Make sure the package with the new version is present in debmonitor
  • Determine if any manual migrations are required in your upgrade; built-in PostgreSQL database server upgrade may be required between major versions
  • make both full GitLab data and full configuration data backups before upgrading:
sudo /usr/bin/gitlab-backup create CRON=1 STRATEGY=copy GZIP_RSYNCABLE=yes SKIP=builds,artifacts,registry GITLAB_BACKUP_MAX_CONCURRENCY=4 GITLAB_BACKUP_MAX_STORAGE_CONCURRENCY=1
sudo /usr/bin/gitlab-ctl backup-etc
  • preload to-be-installed GitLab CE packages before upgrading:
sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gitlab-ce=14.0.10-ce.0 --download-only
  • if you have GitLab Runners connected to your GitLab Server, it is recommended to pause all runners and wait until all jobs are finished before starting the upgrade. TODO: Automate/script this step?
  • Check if any background migrations are running:
sudo gitlab-rails runner -e production 'puts Gitlab::BackgroundMigration.remaining'

Upgrading GitLab

  • Downtime GitLab host in Icinga if long migration is expected (see release notes, not needed in most cases):
sudo cookbook sre.hosts.downtime -r "upgrade <gitlab_host> to new version<ID>" -H 1 <gitlab_host>
  • Run required manual configuration steps if needed (see release notes, not needed in most cases)
  • Install new GitLab version:
sudo apt-get install gitlab-ce=14.0.10-ce.0
  • Wait for GitLab to finish all migrations and restarts

Upgrading GitLab without downtime

WIP: may be used in the future. See zero downtime upgrades.

Upgrading GitLab shared runners

Shared runners are currently in the gitlab-runners project in WMCS

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gitlab-runner
  • Script to execute above command on all Shared Runners (TODO: Cumin?):
for host in runner-1008 runner-1011 runner-1012 runner-1013 runner-1014 runner-1015 runner-1016 runner-1017 runner-1018 runner-1019; do ssh "$host" "sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y install gitlab-runner" ; done
  • Runners will restart automatically. If needed, restart runners:
sudo /usr/bin/gitlab-runner restart

Upgrading GitLab Trusted runners

Trusted Runners live in codfw and eqiad (gitlab-runner100* and gitlab-runner200*).

sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get install gitlab-runner
  • Script to execute above command on all Trusted Runners (TODO: Cumin?):
  for host in gitlab-runner1001.eqiad.wmnet gitlab-runner2001.codfw.wmnet; do ssh "$host" "sudo apt-get update && sudo apt-get -y install gitlab-runner" ; done
  • Runners will restart automatically. If needed, restart runners:
sudo /usr/bin/gitlab-runner restart

Steps after upgrading

  • Run required manual steps/migrations (see release notes. not needed in most cases)
  • Check that all background migrations are fully finished and background migration queue is empty
  • Make sure that GitLab is up and running after upgrade; please give it several minutes to calm down
  • Check monitoring systems of GitLab (especially Icinga alerts)
  • Run basic smoke tests (make sure that web UI works, authentication works, ssh cloning works)
  • Re-enable paused runners in the GitLab admin interface at
  • Re-enable restore for replica