Add a wiki

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Revision as of 20:13, 3 March 2020 by imported>Jforrester (→‎MediaWiki configuration)
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This page documents the process for adding a new wiki. This includes new languages on sister projects, and wikis for committees, chapters etc.


The following steps need to be completed before the wiki database may be created.


  • Create a Phabricator task for the wiki creation (if one doesn't exist already).
  • Create (if not already) a sub-task "Prepare and check storage layer for <new wiki>".
    • It should be tagged with #DBA and #Cloud-Services.
  • Notify the Operations list. In particular, it needs to be made clear whether the wiki should be public, or private. If public, ops will arrange for the wiki to be replicated to Cloud Services. If private, ops will need to add the wiki to $private_wikis in operations/puppet.git:/manifests/realm.pp.
  • IMPORTANT: If the wiki is a regular public wiki to appear on Cloud Services - you can continue. If the wiki is private and should not be replicated to Cloud Services DO NOT CONTINUE UNTIL YOU HAVE THE OK FROM OPS/DBAs to check no private data is leaked. There are mechanisms in place to prevent that by default, but those should be manually checked.


First of all, ensure the relevant domain names exist for the new wiki. Make the following changes in a commit for the operations/dns.git repo and submit to Gerrit for review.

  • If it is a language project, ensure the language code is present in /templates/helpers/langlist.tmpl. This is shared between all sister projects. If another sister project has the same language already, then this has probably been done already.
  • If it is a subdomain of "" domain (chapter wiki or special wiki)
  • Merge the change in Gerrit and run authdns-update.
  • Query the DNS servers to make sure it has been correctly deployed. See DNS#HOWTO for details.
  • For new languages, there is also a need to regenerate zones. Run on ns0, ns1 and ns2: authdns-gen-zones -f /srv/authdns/git/templates /etc/gdnsd/zones && gdnsdctl reload-zones

Apache configuration

Apache configuration is located in the operations/puppet.git repo.

  • Common configuration:
    • For a new language project, this step is usually not needed as shared configuration already covers it.
    • For a new chapter wiki, add it to ::mediawiki:web::prod_sites under wikimedia-chapter
  • After the change is merged in Gerrit, deploy the configuration change and (if needed) gracefully restart app servers. See Apache#Deploying config for details.
  • If there are additional domains that should point to the same wiki, add it to redirects/redirects.dat.

Language configuration

Check the following for every wiki, even if another wiki in this language already exists:

  • Make sure that the wiki's content language code appears in the language-data repository (file data/langdb.yaml).
  • Make sure that the wiki's content language code is fully configured to be supported by core MediaWiki. It must appear in languages/data/Names.php and it must have an associated languages/messages/MessagesAbc.php file (replace Abc with the language code).
  • If the language is written from right to left, make sure it appears in the following files:
    • In the MobileFrontend extension repository: src/mobile.languages.structured/rtlLanguages.js
    • In the Android app repository: app/src/main/java/org/wikipedia/util/ (the RTL_LANGS list)
    • In the iOS app repository: Wikipedia/Code/MWLanguageInfo.m (the rtlLanguages list)

Determine if this is a new language project (like Spanish Wikibooks) or a chapter wiki (like Wikimedia Denmark), or something else (special wiki or private wiki).

For a new language project, make sure the language has been approved by the Language committee at Requests for new languages on Meta-Wiki. Usually, the Phabricator task will contain a link to the approval page. follow the steps below. For all other wikis, go directly to #Install.


IMPORTANT: For Private Wikis

  • Private wiki databases must not be replicated to the Cloud Services DB MySQL instances!
    • Before creating a database for a private wiki, make sure to add the db name to the puppet global array $private_wikis in operations/puppet.git:/manifests/realm.pp.
    • Deploy this config change with puppet and manually restart the Prelabsdb-db MySQL instance (Sanitarium) on the server that will house this wiki's db (most likely s3).
    • If you need help with this, please ask a member of the Ops team for help. This is very important.

MediaWiki configuration

Gather all relevant information about the new project. Each wiki has different requirements (project name, namespaces, extensions to be enabled etc).

Make the following changes on your own checkout of operations/mediawiki-config.git and submit to Gerrit for review:

  • For a new language project, add the language code (ISO 639 code: usually provided in the task) to langlist. This will be used at Special:SiteMatrix and for interwiki linking etc.
  • Create the YAML definition of the wiki in wmf-config/config, including making it inherit from relevant settings profiles, as follows:
Wiki grouping Group options Purpose

All wikis must be tagged against 'all'

all.dblist The primary listing of what wikis exist, used as the basis of all tools.
DB cluster

Every wiki must be in exactly one of these

Database lists of wikis in each MySQL database cluster.
In most cases, wikis should just be added to s3
s10 was previously known as wikitech
Wiki size

Every wiki must be in exactly one of these

Database lists of wikis arranged into their relevant size.
Wiki family

Every wiki must be in exactly one of these (or one plus in special)


wikimedia.dblist wikibooks.dblist

wikinews.dblist wikipedia.dblist

wikiquote.dblist wikisource.dblist

wikiversity.dblist wikivoyage.dblist

wiktionary.dblist special.dblist

Sister project, Wikimania, chapter, or special.

NOTE: Some wikis maybe in special and one other list.

Closed closed.dblist Any closed (no write access, full read access) wikis
Deleted deleted.dblist Wiki databases which MediaWiki is no longer configured to access
Wiki privacy fishbowl.dblist All fishbowl (restricted write access, full read access) wikis
private.dblist All private (read and write restricted) wikis
Extension configurations flaggedrevs.dblist All wikis running the FlaggedRevs extension
securepollglobal.dblist $wgSecurePollCreateWikiGroups wikis: Board Election wikis
visualeditor-nondefault.dblist All wikis where VisualEditor is not enabled by default
commonsuploads.dblist All wikis which should have local uploading soft-disabled. Uploads go to Commons instead.
Wikidata-related wiki groups wikidata.dblist All wikis running the Wikidata repo
wikidataclient.dblist All wikis running the Wikidata client (most new language-project wikis should start off like this)
  • Add the wiki to the relevant dblists (in the dblists di

Database creation

Once the above is reviewed, merged and pull down on the deployment host also pull it down on mwmaint1002 (scap pull), but do not yet deploy to main app servers until after the database is created.

Now it's time to actually create the database. The installation script also performs other tasks, such as notifying the "newprojects" mailing list. The installation script must be run from mwmaint1002 (not the deployment host). If the wiki is going to be a Wikidata client, make sure it's present in the wikidataclient.dblist file and that the new version of that file has been pulled down on mwmaint1002 **before** running the installation script, or things will break.

The syntax is as follows:

mwscript extensions/WikimediaMaintenance/addWiki.php --wiki=aawiki <languagecode> <projectname> <databasename> <domain>

  • For a new Wikipedia - for example Lingua Franca Nova Wikipedia:
    mwscript extensions/WikimediaMaintenance/addWiki.php --wiki=aawiki lfn wikipedia lfnwiki
  • For another new language projects - for example a Spanish Wikinews:
    mwscript extensions/WikimediaMaintenance/addWiki.php --wiki=aawiki es wikinews eswikinews
  • For a new chapters wikis - for example a Finnish chapter wiki:
    mwscript extensions/WikimediaMaintenance/addWiki.php --wiki=aawiki fi wikimedia fiwikimedia
  • For non-standard special wikis (such as committees, or unique projects like meta or commons) - for example
    mwscript extensions/WikimediaMaintenance/addWiki.php --wiki=aawiki en wikimedia strategywiki
  1. Merge the config change in Gerrit, and pull it onto deploy1001.
  2. Verify that the *.dblist files now contain the new wiki.
  3. Pull the whole on mwdebug1002 and mwmaint1002 through scap pull
  4. Run the addWiki maintenance script, as described above (important to do before any sync of dblists or wikiversions, as some components like login use that)
  5. Run scap sync-file dblists to synchronize all database lists
  6. Verify wikiversions.json is sane.
  7. Run scap sync-wikiversions to synchronize the version number to use for this wiki
  8. Run scap sync-file multiversion/MWMultiVersion.php when needed, ie if you add a new * site
  9. Run scap sync-file wmf-config/InitialiseSettings.php
  10. Run scap sync-file static/images/project-logos/
  11. If adding a new language code, run scap sync-file langlist (this must be done before deploying the updated interwiki cache - step 13)
  12. Unless it's a language project, add the project to the meta:Interwiki map.
  13. Regenerate the interwiki cache and deploy it. (For all new wikis, not just new language projects.)
    • scap update-interwiki-cache (and then follow the instructions)
    • Edit meta:Interwiki map and update when the last update was.


RESTBase is a service providing a RESTful API for the projects' wikis. To enable it to serve the new wiki as well, create a patch for mediawiki/services/restbase/deploy adding its domain to the appropriate section in RESTBase's configuration. Add Mobrovac to review the patch, and wait for it to get merged. This will then require a restart of the RB service across the cluster, which can be done by ops or restbase-admins/restbase-roots.


Parsoid has its own copy of SiteMatrix (lib/config/wmf.sitematrix.json), which needs updating using tools/fetch-wmf-sitematrix.js in the mediawiki/services/parsoid repository. This can only be run after the wiki has been created and deployed.

Then, once merged, it must be deployed; if not, loading VisualEditor will fail with errors such as "Failed to load resource: the server responded with a status of 404".


For project families in which the ContentTranslation is installed (as of 2018—only Wikipedia projects): Add the language code to the ContentTranslation registry - mediawiki/services/cxserver repository, file config/languages.yaml (included by and

Once merged to master, ping the ContentTranslation developers to deploy the change. That requires to sync repositories, ie to update mediawiki/services/cxserver/deploy to match mediawiki/services/cxserver. See: for an example commit.


You shouldn't have to do much (maybe adjust shard sizes preemptively if it'll be big), the index should be automatically created by addWiki.php. See Search/New#Adding new wikis for more information.


Necessary changes are made automatically by the addWiki.php script.

Cloud Services

Once it is replicating to the labsdb* servers (e.g. labsdb1009, labsdb1010, labsdb1011 and labsdb1012), run the following 2 commands on each replica server:

labsdb10xx:~$ sudo /usr/local/sbin/maintain-replica-indexes --database $wiki --debug
labsdb10xx:~$ sudo /usr/local/sbin/maintain-views --databases $wiki --debug

Ensure a DBA has created the ${wiki}_p database and granted access to labsdbuser (otherwise a bug in MariaDB will cause the scripts to fail). This what they will probably do:

$ sudo -i mysql --skip-ssl
mysql:root@localhost [(none)]> GRANT SELECT, SHOW VIEW ON `$wiki\_p`.* TO 'labsdbuser';
mysql:root@localhost [(none)]> FLUSH PRIVILEGES;

Add the wikidb alias in the Wiki Replicas service name:

localhost:~$ ssh
cloudcontrol1003:~$ sudo -i
cloudcontrol1003:~# source
cloudcontrol1003:~# /usr/local/sbin/wmcs-wikireplica-dns --aliases --shard <sN>
:# Use the shard arg only if you know the shard
:# If the shard is s3 or a full rebuild is done it will take quite a while to run

Insert a new row in for the new wiki by running sudo /usr/local/sbin/maintain-meta_p --databases $wiki on each of the replica servers.


Translatable project name

Add a message with the wiki name to extensions/WikimediaMessages/i18n/wikimediaprojectnames/en.json and qqq.json. The message keys should include the wiki database name (WIKI_DBNAME below) and official "human readable" name (WIKI_NAME below) as follows:

Key Message
project-localized-name-WIKI_DBNAME WIKI_NAME

For example, "project-localized-name-enwiki": "English Wikipedia",

Key Message
project-localized-name-WIKI_DBNAME {{ProjectNameDocumentation|url=WIKI_URL|name=WIKI_NAME|language=WIKI_LANG}}

For example, "project-localized-name-enwiki": "{{ProjectNameDocumentation|url=|name=English Wikipedia|language=en}}",

Cross-wiki (a.k.a. interwiki) search result title

If this is a new language Wikipedia, add a message with the wiki name to extensions/WikimediaMessages/i18n/wikimediainterwikisearchresults/en.json and qqq.json in the list of search-interwiki-results messages.

Wikipedia mobile apps

If you are creating a new Wikipedia, add an entry for the new language.

For the Android app, you must run the following two scripts, which will update the list of languages known to the app (including the corresponding language codes, autonyms, English names, etc.):

$ cd scripts
$ ./
$ ./

This should update several .java and .xml files that you may then submit in a pull-request to our repository.

(TODO: Is there anything to do for the iOS app?)



Only needed if the new wiki is supposed to be a Wikidata client.

Make sure that the language code appears in the file wmf-config/InterwikiSortOrders.php in the operations/mediawiki-config repo. (Example:

In order to be able to link the new wiki from Wikidata, and to allow interwiki links from Wikidata to the new wiki, run extensions/Wikibase/lib/maintenance/populateSitesTable.php --force-protocol https on at least all Wikidata clients (including wikidatawiki itself and testwikidata).

foreachwikiindblist wikidataclient extensions/Wikibase/lib/maintenance/populateSitesTable.php --force-protocol https

That script is known to be troublesome, you might want to ask Marius (hoo) or Amir Sarabadani (Amir1) run it for you or just create a ticket (that may be done anytime after the wiki was created).

Beware: The script sometimes fails with a duplicate key conflict. In that case, go to the wiki's master database and empty the sites and site_identifiers tables, then run the script again. It's probably also wise to backup these tables from Wikidata and at least one Wikipedia before running the script across the whole fleet. Breaking the sites, site_identifiers tables will break page rendering of many wikis!


If the wiki is not private, not a Wikimania conference wiki, and not special wiki like usability/outreach/login/vote/strategy/etc., send a change proposal to analytics/refinery.git that adds the wiki to static_data/pageview/whitelist/whitelist.tsv If pageviews to the wiki need to be included in the pageview definition, check the code or ask the Analytics team. The code for definition and regular expressions used to include or exclude domains as official pageviews.


If there's something to import (as is often the case in new language projects), someone will do so. Their process is described at Incubator:Importing from Incubator (logged at Incubator:Site creation log).

Clean up interwiki links

After any import Incubator is completed, Inform the community and make a Phabricator task for removing old interwiki links and migrating them to Wikidata (For example T134991 for edits such as d:Special:Diff/336584053 and jam:Special:Diff/12330). You can do it by yourself using in pywikibot.

python scripts/ -lang:LANGCODE -clean -start:! -always

Tell wikistats Cloud VPS project to add the wiki

Create a Phabricator task (subtask of the main task to create the wiki) with the tag "VPS-project-wikistats" and just ask for the wiki to be added. (What needs to be done can be seen f.e. in

Mobile apps

Wikipedia has mobile apps for Android and iOS. A Wikipedia in a new language must work in the app after the import from the Incubator is complete. Report a bug under the apps tags in Phabricator if any of the following doesn't work:

  • You are supposed see the language in the user preferences.
    • Android: Settings -> Wikipedia language.
    • iOS: Settings -> My languages
  • You see the language in the interlanguage links list. Find an article that exists in the new Wikipedia and in English. Go to the English Wikipedia, tap the 文Α icon at the bottom and find the article in the list. In particular:
    • The article name must appear.
    • The language name (autonym) must appear.
    • The item must be findable using the language name in English and the autonym. (If you don't know how to type the autonym, try pasting the autonym or ask somebody who writes in that Wikipedia.)
    • Tapping the item must show the article.

See also